Using ARCH research to advocate for improved policies and programs for infant and young child nutrition


  • Recommend research-informed actions using findings from completed studies on promotion of foods consumed by young children in Indonesia
  • Assess compositional labeling practices of commercially produced complementary foods, growing-up milks, and ready-to-drink flavored milks sold in Indonesia
  • Assess breastmilk substitute consumption among young children in Indonesia
  • Inform national policies and programs on how to best protect optimal infant and young child feeding practices

Key Indicators


stunting among children under 5


wasting among children under 5


under 5 mortality (per 1,000 live births)


early initiation of breastfeeding


exclusive breastfeeding under 6 months


continued breastfeeding at age one


continued breastfeeding at age 2


minimum acceptable diet age 6-23 months

Legal Status of the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes:
Many provisions in law

Sources: National Population and Family Planning Board (BKKBN), Statistics Indonesia (BPS), Ministry of Health (Kemenkes), and ICF. 2018. Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey 2017. Jakarta, Indonesia: BKKBN, BPS, Kemenkes, and ICF.; UNICEF, World Health Organization, World Bank. UNICEF-WHO-World Bank: 2014 Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates: Levels and Trends (July 2015 update); Marketing of breast-milk substitutes: national implementation of the international code, status report 2018. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2018.