Investigating unhealthy snack foods and beverage consumption and their association with dietary adequacy


  • Develop and test monitoring mechanisms to assist the Cambodian government in enforcing national policies which regulate the marketing of breastmilk substitutes
  • Provide technical support for the development of tools and communications materials for government stakeholders to support optimal breastfeeding practices
  • Conduct a study to assess the associations of consumption of unhealthy snack food and beverage consumption with nutrient intakes, dietary adequacy, iron status and growth

Key Indicators


stunting among children under 5


wasting among children under 5


under 5 mortality (per 1,000 live births)


early initiation of breastfeeding


exclusive breastfeeding under 6 months


continued breastfeeding atĀ age one


continued breastfeeding at age 2


minimum acceptable diet age 6-23 months

Legal Status of the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes:
Many provisions in law

Sources: National Institute of Statistics (NIS) [Cambodia], Directorate General for Health and ICF International. (2015). Cambodia Demographic and Health Survey 2014: Key Indicators Report. Phnom Penh, Cambodia and Rockville, Maryland, USA: National Institute of Statistics, Directorate General for Health, and ICF International; Marketing of breast-milk substitutes: national implementation of the international code, status report 2018. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2018.